What is Coeliac Disease?
Coeliac disease effects 1 in 100 people in Ireland (research - Coeliac Society of Ireland) and is caused due to the sensitivity towards the gluten containing foods.
Gluten is a protein found in all forms of wheat (including durum, semolina, and spelt), rye, oats, barley and related grain hybrids such as triticale and kamut.
When people with coeliac disease consume gluten, the absorptive villi in the small intestine are damaged, preventing the absorption of many important nutrients and causing the following symptoms:
- stomach pain and bloating
- weight loss
- failure to thrive in children
However, with a completely gluten-free diet, the intestinal lining will heal completely allowing most patients to live a normal, healthy life as long as they remain free of gluten in their diet. Even a small amount of gluten can cause symptoms to reoccur.
Denise O'Callaghan, the founder of Delicious Gluten Free Bakery